4th INTERNATIONAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS CONFERENCE ’Global Poverty'
PURPOSE and SCOPE
Political and social structures of the societies have been affected by recent changes. These are the changes in production relations, professions, institutions, roles, attitudes and needs of the societies that move from traditional way of life towards modern life standards. As a result, former social, psychological and economic ties are breaking. Social issues make individuals, who aim to participate actively to the process of finding long term effective solutions, unify their strengths under € ¦’³non-governmental organizations€ ¦’´ . In addition to governments and private sector, today € ¦’³ non-governmental organizations€ ¦’´ as a third dynamic also perform operations and make their significance felt for problems that occur in every field of social life such as education, health, democracy, human rights, economic development, unemployment, tourism, poverty, and infrastructure.
As a response to this issue, our school has also adapted courses related to NGOs into curriculums of all departments. Moreover, it has organized an annual NGOs conference for three times since 2004. First and second conferences were held at national level and the third was held at international level. € ¦’³ 4th International NGOs Conference€ ¦’´ which we will be organizing has been planned to focus on € ¦’³Global Poverty€ ¦’´ main theme and expected to receive high participation from the academia and various NGOs.
Poverty is felt deeply all over the world. Globalization and technological developments have made countries and people become closer. However, the increase of income disparities and threatened main environmental, social and economic services for sustainable development, social and ecological systems aggravate poverty.
Defining poverty as income inadequacy would be insufficient. Poverty is a concept that includes economic, social and administrative dimension. From the economic point, poverty is being deprived not only of income and resources but also of the opportunities. Poverty means hunger, unable to find a shelter, unable to go to hospital in illness, unable to have clean water, unable to attend school, unable to find a job, being afraid of future, weakness and not being free. In every country, generally accepted € ¦’³poverty border€ ¦’´ depending on income or consumption levels is used to measure poverty. If a person€ ¦’²s income or consumption is below € ¦’³poverty border€ ¦’´, it is accepted that the person is poor as the person is unable to meet its basic needs. Although poverty border changes from society to society or in time, every country defines a border according to its social norms and values. If we consider the number of the poor according to the poverty border determined by the World Bank,
there are 1.1 billion people who spend under $1 a day and 2.7 billion people who spend under $2 a day (http://web.worldban k.org).
Existing environmental restrictions urge us to help future generations participate in the social and economical developments. In addition, there is an immediate need for identifying economical, political, social and structural factors that cause the global poverty. Moreover an urgent study is required to reduce and eliminate poverty.
In the meetings of organizations such as World Economic Forum and World Social Forum, global poverty is considered under the topics of fast changing economic situation, unemployment, fast population increase, global justice and global warming. All governments, international and supranational institutions and non-governmental organizations are increasingly showing their sensitivity on this issue. In this context, overcoming such kind of a problem or making an effort on the issue cannot be the unique work of governments with their limited capacities, private sector or non-governmental organizations.
In this regard, Biga Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences of Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, which has an ambition of bringing issues related with civil society and NGOs to the fore, will also demonstrate its sensitivity to global issues, such € ¦’³Global Poverty€ ¦’´. Therefore, contributions of the people concerned about various aspects of global poverty are welcome to our conference.
In order to elaborate on this topic through the frame of non-governmental organizations, 4th International NGOs Conference that we are to hold this year will be under the topic of Global Poverty. With this main theme, the subject headings which are planned to be discussed are written below;
MAIN SUBJECT HEADINGS
NGOs and Government
NGOs and Turkey
NGOs and the European Union
NGOs and Youth
NGOs and Employment
NGOs, Education and University
NGOs and Health
NGOs, Art and Culture
NGOs, Politics and Democracy
NGOs, Development and Economy
SUB-HEADINGS OF GLOBAL POVERTY
The History of Poverty
Fundamental Concepts of Poverty
NGOs and Poverty
Governments and Poverty
Private Sector and Poverty
Economical Dimensions of Poverty
Political Dimensions of Poverty
Social Dimensions of Poverty
Environmental Dimensions of Poverty
Quality of Life/ Moral Poverty
Dimensions and Profile of Poverty in Turkey
Strategies of Coping with Poverty
Disadvantaged Groups and Poverty
Education and Poverty
Globalization, MNCs, and Poverty
Human Rights and Poverty
War and Poverty
Violence and Poverty
Violence, Crime and Poverty
Migration and Poverty
Health and Poverty
EU and Poverty
Cultural Activities and Poverty
Natural Disasters and Poverty
NGOs€ ¦’² Own Poverty
Poverty and International Organizations
Social Psychology of Poverty
Results of Global Poverty
Deadline for Submission of Extended Abstracts
May 15, 2007
http://biibf. comu.edu. tr/stk2007/
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